Section Two: Using Disability Services and Accommodations
- Who is eligible to receive Academic Adjustments, Auxiliary Aids, and/or Services?
- Who can benefit from Academic Adjustments, Auxiliary Aids, and/or Services?
- How do I establish my eligibility to receive Academic Adjustments, Auxiliary Aids, and/or Services?
- What are Academic Adjustments, Auxiliary Aids, and/or Services?
- How are Academic Adjustments, Auxiliary Aids, and/or Services Determined?
- Who is responsible for arranging Academic Adjustments, Auxiliary Aids, and/or Services?
- What is the instructor's role in providing Academic Adjustments, Auxiliary Aids, and/or Services?
1. Who is eligible to receive Academic Adjustments, Auxiliary Aids, and/or Services?
Students may be eligible if:
- there is an impairment that limits one or more major life activities like walking, seeing, hearing, learning, reading.
- the impairment is significant enough to prevent obtaining full benefit from classes, activities, or services of the college with or without reasonable accommodations such as academic adjustments, auxiliary aids, and/or services” (see DISH, Section 2, Using Disability Services and Accommodations: "General Accommodations" and "Academic and Classroom Accommodations").
- educational progress can be made as defined by the college’s academic standards and the student’s Academic Accommodation Plan (AAP) as written by the student and a Disability Support Programs and Services (DSPS) professional.
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2. Who can benefit from Academic Adjustments, Auxiliary Aids, and/or Services?
It is also important to consider the type of educational setting.
For instance, most classes at De Anza
- begin and end in a 12 week period
- enroll 20 or more students and
- require a substantial commitment to study and work out of class.
In order to be successful, all students, including those with disabilities, need to be able to:
- profit from instruction by a teacher to a large group of students
- work independently
- complete outside assignments with a minimum of guidance
- participate in small group and laboratory activities
- attend to instructional activities which last a minimum of one hour
- collaborate cooperatively with others in an educational environment
- keep up with the pace of work required in a 12 week quarter system, as contrasted to an 18 week semester.
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3. How do I establish my eligibility to receive Academic Adjustments, Auxiliary Aids, and/or Services?
If you think you are eligible and want to request services, contact DSS to obtain information before you enroll at the college, or as soon as possible after.
Attending an Information Meeting is the best method, although you may also directly contact the DSPS departments (DSS, APE, HOPE). (DISH, Section 1, Coming to De Anza College: "Learning About De Anza")
At some point in the process, you will need to document your disability. Qualified medical and other specified professionals outside of the college generally complete the forms for documentation of a significant impairments and related educational limitations.
- Students with physical or psychological disabilities generally need to obtain a De Anza Disability Verification Form for completion and return. (See DSS website at www.deanza.edu/dss for complete instructions.)
- Students with documented learning disabilities should submit the appropriate outside testing results. (See the DSS website for complete instructions.) Those who do not have prior documentation, professionals on campus may be able to do the evaluation. (See DISH, Section 2, Using Disability Services and Accommodations: "General Accommodations--Assessment for Learning Disability.")
You will meet with a DSS counselor or LD Specialist to develop your personal Academic Accommodation Plan (AAP). This plan will address your educational goals and the academic adjustments, auxiliary aids, and/ or services you will need.
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4 What are academic adjustments, auxiliary aids, and support services?
Academic Adjustments, auxiliary aids, and support services consist of the following:
- modifications to classes, programs, or course requirements
- services required in order to participate in the educational programs
Examples of legally-mandated accommodations include:
- classroom interpreters,
- test accommodations,
- books in alternative format.
Academic adjustments, auxiliary aids, and services must address the educational limitations directly related to a student's disability. The objective in using these accommodations is to provide a student with a disability an equal educational opportunity to succeed.
Academic adjustments, auxiliary aids, and services are not to:
- lower the college’s or the instructor’s academic standards
- alter requirements essential to the course or program
- give a student with a disability an advantage over other students
- guarantee that a student will be successful
- present an undue burden to the college
Many other student service programs on campus assist with student retention and success. Like these, De Anza offers services for students with disabilities that are not necessarily legally mandated accommodations, but which promote student achievement. Examples of these services include:
- an on-campus shuttle service,
- specialized tutoring, or
- targeted scholarships.
Your DSS counselor or LD Specialist can inform you of and assist you to obtain supportive services.
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5. How are Academic Adjustments, Auxiliary Aids, and/or Services Determined?
A student who requests Academic adjustments, auxiliary aids, and/or services must:
- provide a disability documentation
- meet with a DSS counselor or a LD Specialist to mutually determine the appropriate academic adjustments, auxiliary aids, and/or services
Academic adjustments, auxiliary aids, and services:
- are decided on an individual basis
- consider a student's educational history and accommodation preferences
- are based on course requirements and the student’s educational limitations
- are reviewed and evaluated for their effectiveness in providing equal access, and
- are changed or discontinued as necessary
Your DSS counselor or LD Specialist may recommend accommodations to you. Students should provide feedback on how their accommodations are working. It is assumed an accommodation is effective unless you report otherwise to the DSPS staff.
If you encounter a specific problem in a class that requires an accommodation not generally available, obtain and submit a “Reasonable Accommodation Request Form” from DSS so that the problem can be reviewed and a solution proposed.
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6. Who is responsible for arranging Academic Adjustments, Auxiliary Aids, and/or Services?
Students must make all accommodation requests in a timely manner. It is always best to think about courses and their requirements ahead and try to anticipate accommodation needs. Generally, the student and DSS will work together to ensure accommodations are in place before a class begins.
You should discuss your accommodations with your classroom instructor. Explain how an accommodation relates to and compensates for your educational limitation. There are sample dialogues in the Appendix to help you practice this. Remember if the accommodation is not related to your disability, there is no basis for it.
Sometimes you may ask the instructor directly for an accommodation, such as tape recording the lecture, assistance with locating a volunteer note taker, or an adjustment in a timeline. In other cases, such as test accommodation, it is necessary to obtain an authorization form. Last, if the accommodation is unusual or may be difficult to explain, you may be advised to get an Accommodation Authorization Memo from your DSS counselor or LD Specialist.
Since you play a critical role in ensuring that accommodations are in place and appropriate, DSS has developed a timeline checklist for you to use in planning for accommodations. See the DISH, Appendix: “Checklist for Planning Accommodations."
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7. What is the instructor’s role in providing Academic Adjustments, Auxiliary Aids, and/or Services?
The instructor may help provide an accommodation, where appropriate. Most often, the instructor’s role will be to cooperate with the provision of accommodations DSS recommends.
The instructor does not have the right to know your diagnosis unless you choose to share it. Confidentiality regarding your accommodation needs must be maintained.
The instructor does have the right to:
- confirm that you have documented your disability with the DSPS Division
- understand what the appropriate accommodations are for a given situation
- contact DSS if they have any concerns or questions
- challenge an accommodation if they believe it alters essential course content, or lowers academic standards, or presents an undue burden
In the event your instructor raises a concern about the accommodation or disagrees with it, you should contact DSS to review the situation before discussing it further with your instructor.NEXT>>