The Vietnam ConflictAn Academic Information Portal For Education and Research

                            -- Citation Examples --

Web:
Author name. WEB PAGE TITLE. URL. (Date last accessed)

Example:
Swensson, John. UNIT 5. http://whatever.com (Jun 1, 2000)

Reprinted by permission of the authors from LITERATURE: 
AN INTRODUCTION TO FICTION, POETRY, AND DRAMA, 
7th ed., Longman. Copyright@1999 by X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia:

BOOKS:

No Author Listed: 

A KEEPSAKE ANTHOLOGY OF THE FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION 
OF THE CONSULTANTSHIP IN POETRY. Washington: Library of Congress, 1987. 

One Author:

Middlebrook, Diane Wood. ANNE SEXTON: A BIOGRAPHY. 
Boston: Houghton, 1991. 

Two or Three Authors:

Jarman, Mark, and Robert McDowell. THE REAPER: ESSAYS. Brownsville, OR: 
Story Line, 1996. 

Four or More Authors:

Phillips, Rodney, et al. THE HAND OF THE POET. New York: Rizzoli, 1997. 

or 

Phillips, Rodney, Susan Benesch, Kenneth Benson, and Barbara Bergeron. 
THE HAND OF THE POET. New York: Rizzoli, 1997. 

Corporate Author:

Poets & Writers. A WRITER'S GUIDE TO COPYRIGHT. New York: 
Poets & Writers, 1979. 

Two Books by Same Author:

Bawer, Bruce. THE ASPECT OF ETERNITY. St. Paul: Graywolf, 1993. 

---. DIMINISHING FICTIONS: ESSAYS ON THE MODERN AMERICAN NOVEL 
AND ITS CRITICS. St. Paul: Graywolf, 1988. 

Author and Editor:

Shakespeare, William. THE SONNETS. Ed. G. Blakemore Evans. 
Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1996. One Editor 

Monteiro, George, ed. CONVERSATIONS WITH ELIZABETH BISHOP. 
Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1996. 

Two Editors:

Craig, David, and Janet McCann, eds. ODD ANGLES OF HEAVEN: 
CONTEMPORARY POETRY BY PEOPLE OF FAITH. Wheaton, IL: Shaw, 1994. 

Translation:

Chekhov, Anton. SELECTED STORIES. Trans. Ann Dunnigan. 
New York: Signet, 1960. 

Introduction, Preface, or Afterword:

Thwaite, Anthony. Preface. CONTEMPORARY POETS. Ed. Thomas Riggs. 6th ed. 
New York: St. James, 1996. vii-viii. 

Lapham, Lewis. Introduction. UNDERSTANDING MEDIA: 
THE EXTENSIONS OF MAN. By Marshall McLuhan. Cambridge: MIT P, 1994. vi-x. 

Work in an Anthology:

Allen, Dick. "The Emperor's New Clothes." POETRY AFTER MODERNISM. 
Ed. Robert McDowell. Brownsville, OR: Story Line, 1991. 71-99. 

Translation in an Anthology:

Neruda, Pablo. "We Are Many." Trans. Alastair Reid. LITERATURE: 
AN INTRODUCTION TO FICTION, POETRY, AND DRAMA. 
Ed. X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia. 7th ed. New York: Longman, 1999. xxx. 

Multivolume Work:

Wellek, RenČ. A HISTORY OF MODERN CRITICISM, 1750-1950. Vol. 7. 
New Haven: Yale UP, 1991. 8 vols. 1955-92. 

Book in a Series:

Ross, William T. WELSON KEES. Twayne's US Authors Ser. 484. 
Boston: Twayne, 1985. 

Republished Book:

Ellison, Ralph. INVISIBLE MAN. 1952. New York: Vintage, 1995. 

Revised or Subsequent Editions:

Janouch, Gustav. CONVERSATIONS WITH KAFKA. Trans. Goronwy Rees. 
Rev. ed. New York: New Directions, 1971. 

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REFERENCE BOOKS:

Signed Article:

McPhillips, Robert. "Timothy Steele." THE OXFORD COMPANION TO TWENTIETH CENTURY POETRY IN ENGLISH. Ed. Ian Hamilton. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1994. 

Unsigned Encyclopedia Article - Standard Reference Book 

"James Dickey." THE NEW ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA: MICROPAEDIA. 
15th ed. 1987. 

Dictionary Entry:

"Design." MERRIAM-WEBSTER'S COLLEGIATE DICTIONARY. 10th ed. 1993. 

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PERIODICALS:

Journal with Continuous Paging:

BalČe, Susan. "Flannery O'Connor Resurrected." HUDSON REVIEW 47 (1994): 377-393. 

Journal That Pages Each Issues Separately:

Salter, Mary Jo. "The Heart Is Slow To Learn." NEW CRITERION 10.8 (1992): 23-29. 

Signed Magazine Article:

Gioia, Dana. "Studying with Miss Bishop." NEW YORKER. 5 Sept. 1986: 90-101. 

Unsigned Magazine Article:

"Fair Strike." NEW REPUBLIC. 16 Feb. 1998: 7-8. 

Newspaper Article: 

Lyall, Sarah. "In Poetry, Ted Hughes Breaks His Silence on Sylvia Plath."
NEW YORK TIMES 19 Jan. 1998, natl. ed.: A1+. 

Signed Book Review: 

Harper, John. "Well-Crafted Tales with Tabloid Titles." Rev. of TABLOID DREAMS, 
by Robert Olen Butler. ORLANDO SENTINEL 15 Dec. 1996: D4. 

Unsigned, Untitled Book Review:

Rev. of OTHERWISE; NEW AND SELECTED POEMS, by Jane Kenyon. 
VIRGINIA QUARTERLY REVIEW 72 (1996): 136. 

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CD-ROM REFERENCE WORKS:

Periodically Published Information, Collected on CD-ROM:

Kakutani, Michiko. "Slogging Surreally in the Vietnamese Jungle." 
Rev. of THE THINGS THEY CARRIED, by Tim O'Brien. 
NEW YORK TIMES 6 Mar. 1990, late ed.: C21. NEW YORK TIMES ONDISC. 
CD-ROM. UMI-Proquest. Oct. 1993. 

CD-ROM Publication:

"Appall." THE OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY. 2nd ed. CD-ROM. 
Oxford: Oxford UP, 1992. 

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ONLINE DATA BASES:

Online Scholarly Project:

VOICE OF THE SHUTTLE. Ed. Alan Liu. 3 Mar. 1998. U of California, Santa Barbara. 
12 Mar. 1998 <http://humanitas.ucsb.edu/>. 

Online Reference Database:

BRITANNICA ONLINE. Vers. 97.1.1. Mar. 1997. Encyclopaedia Britannica. 
19 Mar. 1997 <http://www.eb.com/>. 

Online Professional Site:

WALLACE STEGNER ENVIRONMENTAL CENTER. San Francisco Public Library. 
15 Mar. 1998 <http://sfpl.lib.ca.us/stegner/wallace.html>. 

Online Book:

Whitman, Walt. LEAVES OF GRASS. [1892] 15 Mar. 1998 <http://www.bibliomania.com/Poetry/Whitman/Grass/>. 

Article in Online Scholarly Journal:

Hoffman, Tyler B. "Emily Dickinson and the Limit of War." 
EMILY DICKINSON JOURNAL 3.2 (1994). 15 Mar. 1998 <http:/www.colorado.edu/EDIS/journal/articles/III.2.Hoffman.html>. 

Article in Online Newspaper:

Koehler, Robert. "Latino Perspective Takes Center Stage." 
LOS ANGELES TIMES WEBSITE. 31 July 1993. 15 Mar. 1998 <http://www.latimes.com/HOME/ARCHIVES/>. 

Article Accessed via Computer Service:

Bray, Rosemary L. "Renaissance For a Pioneer of Black Pride." 
NEW YORK TIMES 4 Feb. 1990, late ed., sec. 2:7. NEW YORK TIMES ONLINE. 
Nexis. 1 Mar. 1998. 

Article in Online Magazine:

Garner, Dwight. "The Salon Interview: Jamaica Kincaid." SALON 13 Jan. 1996. 
1 Mar. 1998 <http://www:salonmagazine.com/05/features/kincaid.html>. 

Review in Online Newspaper:

Hollander, John. "The Fluent Mundo." Rev. of WALLACE STEVENS; 
COLLECTED POETRY AND PROSE, by Wallace Stevens. 
LOS ANGELES TIMES WEBSITE 16 Nov. 1997. 14 Mar. 1998 <http://www.latimes.com/HOME/ARCHIVES/>. 

Online Posting:

Grossenbacher, Laura. "Comments About the Ending Illustration." 
4 Sept. 1996. Online posting. The Yellow Wallpaper Site. 14 Mar. 1998. <http://www:cwrl.utexas.edu/~daniel/amlit/wallpaper/readcomments.html> 


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AUDIO RECORDINGS:

Roethke, Theodore. THEODORE ROETHKE READS HIS POETRY. 
Audiocassette. Caedmon, 1972. 


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FILM:

HAMLET. By William Shakespeare. Dir. Franco Zeffirelli. 
Perf. Mel Gibson, Glenn Close, Helena Bonham Carter, Alan Bates, 
and Paul Scofield. Warner, 1991. 


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TELEVISION PROGRAM:

MOBY DICK. By Herman Melville. Dir. Franc Roddam. 
Perf. Patrick Stewart and Gregory Peck. 
2 episodes. USA Network. 16-17 Mar. 1998. 


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VIDEO CASSETTE:

HENRY V. By William Shakespeare. Dir. Laurence Olivier. 
Perf. Laurence Olivier. 1944. Videocassette. Paramount, 1988. 

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DOCUMENTING ON-LINE SOURCES ( A Short Form):

One of the many nuggets in the on-line guide from Capitol Cities College is how to cite material from the WORLD WIDE WEB and other electronic sources. To cite the web, there are FOUR components: (1) author, (2) subtitle and title of Homepage as found on the blue window title bar, (3) URL, and (4) date visited. 

A sample entry for this page is:

Swensson, John K. "Unit 6, English Syllabus." 
SWENSSON'S ARGUMENTATIVE APOCALYPSE. URL:http://mccinfo.mauicc.hawaii.edu/staff/swensson/(18 Jul. l996).

Note: two things about this entry. First, the second and subsequent lines should be indented 6 spaces. Second, note that I have used ALL CAPS in lieu of an underlined title. This is an acceptable convention because of the technology. Anytime you are referring to a separately published work such as a novel, play or Homepage, you may use ALL CAPS vice underlining the title. Works that are not separately published such as poems, short stories, and subpages of a homepage ("Unit 6,English Syllabus.") are put between quotation marks.

Documentation of online sources is evolving; the GIOIA Samples, just above, are very current, circa 1998. You may use them or use this shortened form in this section. Your choice; you paid the tuition. But do use one sample or the other. 

PARENTHETICAL NOTES:

You use only as much as you need to make the note clear, and you use a note after direct quotations AND summaries:

According to Piaget, play, after all, is the way the growing mind gets nourishment (87).

or

Play, after all, is the way the growing mind gets nourishment (Piaget 87).

In both of these cases, I can tell that the material comes from an article or book by Piaget, page 87. I need only turn to the Works Cited list at the end of the paper and look alphabetically for the Piaget entry to determine the title and publisher of Piaget's work. 

 

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