Test Review #1

Review for Test #1

Test on Chapter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Chapter 1- Stress in Today’s World

  1. Define the 5 dimensions of health: Emotional, physical, intellectual, social, spiritual – (understand each)
  2. Define & know examples of stress, stressor, eustress, and distress
  3. What does it mean to be healthy? What is holistic health?
  4. What's the finding according to the National College Health Assessment?
  5. What determines the outcome of stress?

Chapter 2-Self-Assessment

  1. The average adult pulse rate (50-100 beats/min), respiration rate (12-16 breaths/min), normal heart rate (70-80 beats/min) ?
  2. What do these assessments access? Perceived stress scale, Tombstone test, Inventory of College Students' Recent Life Experiences, Adapted Ardell Wellness Stress Test, Stress Vulnerability Questionnaire.
  3. Why are these assessments so important?
  4. What did research indicates relating to stressed sleepers?
  5. What are some of the factors involved in how each individual deal with stress?

Chapter 3- The Science of Stress

  1. What is the relationship between stress & the immune system & the digestive system? (The physiological changes take place in your body when you experience stress)
  2. The adrenal glands produce what stress hormones?
  3. The pituitary gland controls what system?
  4. What are some health effects caused by chronically high cortisol level?
  5. What is the single purpose of the flight-or-flight stress response?
  6. Define homeostasis & the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)?
  7. What is the role of the Hypothalamus in association with stress?
  8. What are the 3 stages of the General Adaptation Syndrome? What happens to the body in each stage?
  9. What is the difference between sympathetic & parasympathetic nervous system?

Chapter 4- The Mind/Body Connection

  1. What is Psychosomatic?
  2. Psychiatrist David Spiegel found that stress hormones played a role in the progression of which disease?
  3. Stress is a coupled action of the body and mind involving the appraisal of what?
  4. The condition called Bruxism, what is it?
  5. What are the placebo and the nocebo effect?
  6. What disease is the number 1 cause of death in the US? Stress contributes to what percentages of illness in the US?
  7. What is Dr. Candace Pert’s believe on the connection between the body and mind?
  8. What is the relationship between relaxed people & unhappy people when it comes to illnesses?

Chapter 5- The Power of Perceptions

  1. What is Cognitive restructuring, self-limiting beliefs & premature cognitive commitments?
  2. What is Locus of control? What’s the difference between internal locus of control and external locus of control?
  3. How often are we in actual danger?
  4. The Chinese word for crisis consists of what 2 characters? (Culture Connection)

Chapter 6- Thinking and Choosing

  1. What is cognitive distortion? What are the 4 common cognitive distortions?
  2. What is the conditioned response theory?
  3. Define the 4 cognitive distortions: All-or-nothing thinking, personalizing, discounting the positive & assuming the worst.
  4. Define the different cognitive techniques that help overcome distorted thinking: positive self-talk, thought stopping, power language & going with the flow (know each technique)
  5. According to psychologist Martin Seligman, what is learned optimism?
  6. According to Viktor Frankl, what are his thoughts on the human freedoms?
  7. What was found in the study that observed parent-child interactions?
  8. What is Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) which was developed Albert Ellis? (REBT) is based on what premise?

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